Troy School District

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Teaching and Learning » Second Grade

Second Grade

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Language Arts

The language arts curriculum in second grade continues to develop skills in vocabulary, comprehension, and writing. Children have opportunities for reading and responding in a large group, small group, or independently. Vocabulary development includes teaching phonetic and decoding skills. Children practice comprehension strategies that include: summarizing, identifying the main idea, sequencing, making predictions, and reading for specific detail and drawing conclusions. Children also learn to listen and retell stories. Children are encouraged to express their ideas in written form, utilizing the basic steps of the writing process.

Children write in a variety of curriculum areas. Beginning mechanics of writing and language usage are introduced and practiced within the context of daily writing activities.


Second graders focus on thinking and communicating mathematically. The children have real-life math experiences in order to practice problem solving and build a true understanding of the mathematical concepts they need. Hands-on activities and math games are used to review and learn extended addition and subtraction facts. Students spend time sharing the strategies they used to solve mental math problems. They learn that there are a variety of ways to get the same answer. Students become familiar with arrays, which serve as the foundation for multiplication and division fact families.

Money becomes a basis for many math skills in second grade. Students are expected to know the values of coins and the exchange value among U.S. coins. The calculator is used for entering and computing money amounts. Graphing, calendar skills, geometry concepts, and telling time are taught throughout the year. As with the other grade levels, parent involvement with Home Links is an important part of the program.

Media Center

Second graders practice their alphabetical order by arranging books and materials according the letters on the spine. They are introduced to dictionaries and thesauri as they begin to explore a variety of reference tools. Non-fiction books are excellent resources for second grade research for science and social studies, so these students begin to discover how to find these books on the shelves. They continue reading various genre of literature to foster their appreciation of stories, folk tales and poetry. They read and evaluate Caldecott medal winners to discover different methods of illustrating books.


Students learn important science concepts and develop the ability to think critically by actively constructing ideas through their own inquiries, investigations, and analyses. Students are actively engaged in the process of science as they explore the natural world.

The Air and Weather Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in earth science. The investigations provide opportunities for young students to explore the natural world by using simple tools to observe and monitor change.

The Sound Module focuses on providing opportunities for students to explore sounds from different sources. Students will explore ways to make sounds higher or lower and louder or softer.

We live in a dynamic world where everything is in motion, or so it seems. But not everything is moving the same way. Some things move from one place to another. Other things go around and around in a rotational motion. Still other things are stationary, stable for a time, balanced on a thin line between stop and go. These are the global phenomena that students experience in this module, Balance and Motion.

The Insects Module provides experiences that heighten students' awareness of the diversity of animal forms. They come to know firsthand the life sequences of a number of insects. In each investigation an insect is introduced, and students observe structures and behaviors, discuss their findings, and ask questions. Students observe life cycles of insects and compare the stages of metamorphosis exhibited by each species.

Visual Arts

In second grade the elements and principles of art are reviewed, utilized, and expanded upon as students develop their knowledge of vocabulary, art production, appreciation, and critical judgment. Through a variety of activities and artistic media, students learn to compare and contrast different art styles, differentiate between cultural art forms, and distinguish between historical periods. Second graders further demonstrate their understanding by creating quality works of art, utilizing a variety of materials and techniques to express themselves.

Social Studies

The social studies curriculum in second grade focuses on the concept of community and includes an in depth study of Troy, past and present. Through interactive experiences, students gain knowledge about their community’s history, government, economics, and geography, while learning problem solving and study skills. Students compare their own community with others around the country and world, discovering similarities and differences. Second grade students continue to explore the core democratic values.

Physical Education

Students go to Physical Education class for 35 minutes twice a week. Students continue to work with their Gross Motor skills, spatial awareness, and coordination. They will explore the principles of eye, hand, and foot coordination through a variety of activities. Students continue to develop traditional team sports based skills through culminating activities and game play.   They will be assessed in certain skills throughout the year. Students will develop positive characteristics and attitudes, a sense of fair play, teamwork concepts, and cooperation with others. At this level, there is an increased emphasis on cardiopulmonary fitness, muscular strength, flexibility and coordination through the T.R.O.Y. Fitness Program. Students are assessed twice a year in Continuous Jog, Jump Roping, Plank, Sit and Reach, and Flex-arm Hang. Every student will have a personal fitness log that they will set goals for themselves in each of the fitness tests. After every assessment, student will reevaluate their goals and set new ones.