In the Troy School District, we believe that a quality education can help expand opportunities for all students.
Academic Subjects & Specials - GRADE 1
- Language Arts
- Media Center
- Social Studies
- Visual Art
- Vocal/General Music
- Physical Education
All students learn from a balanced approach to literacy, one that includes a responsive approach to the teaching of reading, writing, and phonics. Students learn to self-assess, set goals, work with partners, and receive and apply feedback. Students learn to use the writing process to write for real purposes and audiences, write the kinds of texts that they see in the world, and to put meaning onto the page. Students develop their oral language, write daily, and create pieces of writing across the genres of narrative, informational, and opinion.
As readers, students engage deeply with texts by having daily opportunities to read high-interest, accessible books independently, in partnerships, small groups, and book clubs. They start off learning foundational skills such as concepts of print, phonemic awareness, phonics, and story language to reading with greater independence using reading strategies to read with more accuracy, fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary development. Students have access to increasingly complex texts appropriate for their grade level. This starts with read-aloud and shared reading texts in kindergarten and first grade and moves toward independent reading of complex texts by second grade.
Phonics is a daily component of balanced literacy that focuses on phonemic awareness, features of phonics, high-frequency words, spelling, and vocabulary. Students have many opportunities to transfer phonics learning to their daily reading and writing work.
- Student choice of topic (writing), text (reading)
- Write and read for real purposes
- Write and read for real audiences
- Progress celebrated regularly
- Opportunities to be innovative
- Process valued over product
- Protected time for reading and writing
First Grade ELA Program
The start of first grade is a time for dusting off the skills and habits that children learned during kindergarten. In Building Good Reading Habits, children establish partnerships that tap into the social power of peers working together to help each other become more strategic as readers. Word Detectives supports students’ word solving skills and their knowledge of high-frequency words. Learning About the World: Reading Nonfiction taps into children’s natural curiosity as they explore nonfiction, learn comprehension strategies, word solving, vocabulary, fluency, and author’s craft. Readers Have Big Jobs to Do: Fluency, Phonics, and Comprehension focuses on the reading process to set children up to read increasingly complex texts. Meeting Characters and Learning Lessons: A Study of Story Elements spotlights story elements and the skills that are foundational to literal and inferential comprehension, including empathy, character study, and interpretation.
(Excerpt from Heinemann.com)
First Grade Reading Units:
- Building Good Reading Habits
- Word Detectives
- Learning About the World: Reading Nonfiction
- Readers Have Big Jobs to Do: Fluency, Phonics, and Comprehension
- Meeting Characters and Learning Lessons: A Study of Story Elements
In Small Moments: Writing with Focus, Detail, and Dialogue students take the everyday events of their young lives and make them into focused, well-structured stories, then they learn to breathe life into the characters by making them talk, think, and interact. In Nonfiction Chapter Books, students enter the world of informational writing as they combine pictures and charts with domain-specific vocabulary and craft moves to create engaging teaching texts. In Writing Reviews, students create persuasive reviews of all sorts—pizza restaurant reviews, TV show reviews, ice cream flavor reviews, and finally book reviews that hook the reader, clearly express the writer’s opinion, and bolster their argument in convincing ways. In From Scenes to Series: Writing Fiction, students learn to “show, not tell” and use action, dialogue, and feelings to create a whole series of fiction books.
(Excerpt from Heinemann.com)
First Grade Writing Units:
- Small Moments: Writing with Focus, Detail, and Dialogue
- Writing How-To Books
- Nonfiction Chapter Books
- Writing Reviews
- From Scenes to Series: Writing Fiction
The First-Grade units provide an instructional pathway in phonics, introduces high-leverage phonics concepts and strategies in a way that keeps pace with students’ reading and writing and helps them understand when, how, and why they can use phonics to read and write.
Talking and Thinking About Letters touches on all the most important phonics concepts from kindergarten: letter names and sounds, short vowels in CVC words, phonograms, blends, and digraphs, and a short list of approximately fifty high-frequency and high-utility words. The Mystery of the Silent e challenges children to use phonics workshop as a place to study words closely like a piece of evidence and make discoveries to help them understand how language works by looking closely at words and word parts to decode difficult words by breaking them into parts and putting those parts back together. From Tip to Tail: Reading Across Words
rally kids to read nonfiction closely and thoughtfully by looking all the way across words and focuses on high-frequency words. Word Builders: Using Vowel Teams to Build Big Words introduces the theme of becoming word builders by focusing on vowel teams. Marvelous Bloopers: Learning Through Wise Mistakes teaches into r-controlled vowels, high frequency words, capitalization, prefixes, contractions, and punctuation.
(Excerpt from Heinemann.com)
First Grade Phonics Units:
- Talking and Thinking About Letters
- Mystery of the Silent E
- Tip to Tail
- Word Builders
- Marvelous Bloopers
First graders experience a variety of math concepts. They use three-digit numbers for counting forward and backward, identifying larger and smaller numbers, and writing numbers from dictation. Games and activities involving number facts provide addition and subtraction practice. They expand on the skills taught in kindergarten with measuring, telling time, and reading and comparing temperatures on a thermometer. Children measure length in both inches and centimeters. Telling time on an analog clock to 5 minutes or to 1 minute will be practiced. First-grade students collect, organize, and display information using an assortment of graphs and tables. Children are actively involved in constructing and identifying 2- and 3-dimensional shapes, equivalent fractions, and a variety of patterns. These experiences are extended outside of the classroom with regular Home Link assignments.
Math Standards & Grade Level Topics
Michigan Math Standards
The Michigan Math Standards call for a balance between procedural knowledge and conceptual understanding. The K-12 Standards for Mathematical Practice, shown below, are types of student expertise developed progressively in each grade-level course.
- Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
- Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
- Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
- Model with mathematics.
- Use appropriate tools strategically.
- Attend to precision.
- Look for and make use of structure.
- Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
Grade Level Math Topics
Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction.
Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.
Add and subtract within 20.
Work with addition and subtraction equations. Extending the counting sequence.
Understand place value.
Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.
Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units.
Tell and write time.
Represent and interpret data.
Reason with shapes and their attributes.
We believe that the purpose of our mathematics program is to cultivate students’ positive mathematical identities so that all students:
- develop deep mathematical understandings
- understand and critique the world through mathematics
- experience the wonder, joy, and beauty of mathematics
NCTM (2020). Catalyzing Change in Middle School Mathematics
Troy students will:
- Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them
- Reason abstractly and quantitatively
- Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others
- Model with mathematics
- Use appropriate tools strategically
- Attend to precision
- Look for and make use of structure
- Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning
In first grade, students learn about parts of a book and parts of a story. They can differentiate between fiction and non-fiction, and they can explain different types of fiction such as fairy tales, folk tales, science fiction and mysteries. They explore different non-fiction subjects, and see how books with the same subject are located on the same shelf. They are introduced to the Internet and Internet safety. First graders can explain that people around the world create different stories, and they participate in storytelling and dramatizations.
Students in kindergarten through fifth grade begin to develop an understanding of the four disciplinary core ideas: physical sciences; life sciences; earth and space sciences; and engineering, technology, and applications of science. In the earlier grades, students begin by recognizing patterns and formulating answers to questions about the world around them. By the end of fifth grade, students are able to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in gathering, describing, and using information about the natural and designed world(s).
Sun, Moon & Stars
Light & Sound
Structure & Functions of Living Things
The first grade social studies curriculum, “My School and Family,” introduces students to their world as they explore their own school, family, neighborhood, and country. First grade students compare and contrast families and schools of today with those of the past, while discovering the important part natural resources, government, and citizenship play in their lives. Students are taught skills in history, geography, civics, economics, problem solving, and study skills, with literature being used to reinforce these social studies concepts. They learn that although their world consists of diverse peoples, we all have a lot in common. First graders continue to expand their knowledge of citizenship as they explore the core democratic values.
1st Grade Curriculum
Unit 1: Civics
Unit 2: History & Geography
Unit 2: History & Geography
- Distinguish Between Producers & Consumers
- Distinguish Between Goods & Services
- Scarcity & Choice
- Why People Trade
- How To Earn Money
- Why People Use Money
- Distinguish Between Past, Present & Future
- Investigate Family History
- Use Historical Sources to Draw Conclusions About Family and School Life In Past
- Compare Life Today to Life In The Past
- U.S. Holidays
Unit 3: Geography
Unit 3: Geography
- Construct Maps to Show Aerial Perspective
- Use Absolute & Relative Location
- Use Maps to Distinguish Between Landforms & Water
- Distinguish Between Physical & Human Characteristics
- Describe boundaries of Different School Regions
- Describe Diversity in Family Life
- Describe How We Modify & Adapt to Physical Environment
Michigan Open Book Project & Sequence Chart
First Grade: Families & Schools
Social Studies Sequence Chart
In first grade, the visual art specialist utilizes a sequential, discipline-based curriculum specially designed to expand the students' artistic creativity and knowledge base. First graders are formally introduced to the elements and principles of art, including: Color, line, form and shape, pattern and composition, space, and texture; the study of various cultures; and the awareness of famous art works. Students learn to use a variety of tools and materials in age-appropriate activities that stimulate the imagination and help develop problem-solving skills. Throughout the year, student art may be displayed in individual school buildings and throughout the community.
The Vocal/general music program at the first-grade level is designed to expose children to the enjoyment of making and performing music while developing basic musical concepts and skills. The curriculum is organized to include many opportunities for singing, listening, playing instruments, creating, and moving to music. Emphasis is on the total involvement of students as music specialists focus on age-appropriate, hands-on musical experiences and activities. First graders are introduced to the elements of music, including melody, harmony, form, rhythm, texture, timbre, expressive qualities, and style. They explore the expressive qualities of their voices, learn beginning music reading and vocabulary, and, in simple ways, how to listen to and analyze a variety of music. Through exposure to a wide variety of musical styles, beginning attitudes and values about music are formulated. A public performance is often a highlight of a first grader's formal experience with music education.
First-grade students learn to identify their feelings and to recognize that others have feelings. They identify the relationship between feelings and attitudes. Students recognize the importance of decision-making and the possible consequences of various alternatives. They look at the causes of behavior in themselves and others and identify more appropriate behaviors. Pupils in first grade become familiar with common household substances that may be harmful or poisonous. They also learn to recognize emergencies or potential emergency situations and review appropriate ways to react.
Students go to Physical Education class for 35 minutes twice a week. During these classes students are given opportunities to develop Gross Motor skills and coordination. A variety of objects used in physical education will assist students’ development of eye, hand, and foot coordination. Students will be assessed on some locomotor skills, movements and actions. Students will also develop positive characteristics and attitudes conducive to physical fitness through exercise and activities. Through organized activities and game play, students develop a sense of fair play, and cooperation with others. Fitness components consist of but are not limited to endurance, upper body strength, core strength and flexibility. Students are introduced to the T.R.O.Y Fitness Program and are tested on two parts: Jump Roping and Continuous Jog.
The English language development program helps ensure learning for all students, specifically students who are multilingual and in the process of acquiring English as an additional language. The ELD specialists provide small group instruction for English language acquisition outside the grade level classroom with frequency based on the students’ unique instructional needs. They also support access to classroom content by pushing into grade level classrooms.